It is one of two vehicles to have undergone testing, the other being the Suzuki Grand Vitara which was awarded four stars.
The Freelander was first tested in 2003 when it achieved a three star rating.
Euro NCAP secretary general, Adrian Hobbs, said: ‘I am delighted that Land Rover has made such an improvement to the level of protection offered to its occupants. It is perhaps surprising that, until now, no small off-roader has managed to achieve a five star rating.’
The Freelander only scored one star for pedestrian protection, for which the Grand Vitara scored three stars.