Fleet News

Warning as councils fine motorists record sums

Yellow box junction

Local authorities in London and Cardiff have raised £58.2 million from drivers committing moving traffic offences in just one year, with the same powers due to be rolled out to other councils.

Moving traffic offences include stopping on a yellow box junction, making an illegal turn or driving down a ‘no entry’ road.

The only local authorities that currently have the power to enforce these offences in England and Wales are London boroughs and Cardiff Council.

Figures obtained via a Freedom of Information request suggest they collected £58.2m in penalty charge notices (PCNs) in 2018/19 – 25% (£11.5m) more than in 2016/17 (£46.7m).

The Department for Transport (DfT) confirmed on July 27 that it plans to extend these enforcement powers to all local authorities in England and Wales.

Currently, local authorities outside of London and Cardiff only have powers to enforce bus lane contraventions. 

RAC head of roads policy, Nicholas Lyes, said: “It’s plain for all to see that London boroughs, TfL and Cardiff are generating phenomenal sums of money from the enforcement of moving traffic offences.”

In 2016/17, councils issued 752,871 PCNs, rising to 1,007,405 in 2018/19 which equates to a 34% rise.

Yellow box junctions were the biggest revenue generator, bringing in £31.4m in 2018/19 compared to £22.3m for ‘no turn’ offences and £4.4m for ‘no entry’ contraventions.

Looking at Cardiff alone, nearly four times as many PCNs were issued in 2018/19 compared to 2016/17 (74,142 compared to 19,080) translating to a £1.8m hike in revenue (£593,160 to £2.4m – 313%).

The most profitable offences for Cardiff are ‘no turns’ yielding £1.4m in contrast to £826,424 for yellow box junctions and £182,782 for ‘no entry’ offences.

Of the London boroughs which provided data to the RAC a total of 933,263 PCNs were issued in 2018/19, 27% more than two years ago (733,791). This, however, only translated to a 21% increase in revenues (£46.1m to £55.7m).

Yellow box junctions

Of the authorities which benefitted the most from the enforcement of yellow box junctions, Transport for London (TfL) topped the table with a revenue of nearly £10m (£9,969,545 – 135,923 PCNs) in 2018/19.

But in terms of single councils, Hammersmith and Fulham came out top with a £3.5m yellow box revenue pot (from 53,576 PCNs) generated from 16 enforced junctions out of 23 in its area – £1.1m ahead of its nearest rival Redbridge on £2.4m (34,782 PCNs from 14 enforced junctions out of a total of 35).

Merton, the only other council to pocket more than £2m in yellow box penalties, was third on £2.2m (31,081 PCNs from 27 enforced junctions, no overall total of junctions available).

In terms of average revenues per enforced junction, Westminster recorded the highest figure with a single junction generating £333,295 from 4,595 PCNs.

Hammersmith and Fulham had the second largest average on £223,472 (£3.5m from 16 enforced junctions) and Richmond had the second largest average revenue with £156,117.

TfL has 399 yellow box junctions but declined to disclose how many are enforced.

No turn offences

Three authorities topped £2m in revenue from ‘no turn’ offences with Ealing even managing to outdo TfL with a revenue of £2.6m (from 44,612 PCNs) versus £2m (£2,093,651, from 28,978 PCNs). Hackney had the third highest total on £1,888,845.

No entry offences

Harrow was top for ‘no entry’ offences with a revenue of £549,785 followed by Southwark on £420,760 and Islington on £357,265.

Lyes said: “The vast majority of drivers we’ve surveyed agree that those who stop on yellow boxes, make illegal turns or go through ‘no entry’ signs need to be penalised, but when it comes to extending powers to other councils many are concerned, with 68% thinking local authorities will rush to install cameras to generate additional revenue.

“Four in 10 drivers (39%) also believe that road layouts and signage will be made deliberately confusing to increase the number of PCNs issued.

“Clearly, the priority for enforcement should be to improve road safety and reduce congestion.”

The DfT’s decision to extend the same enforcement powers to other local authorities, however, Lyes believes should come with guidance setting out where enforcement should be targeted and the types of signs that must be used to make drivers aware that enforcement cameras are operating, and for what type of moving traffic offence.

“It should also make clear the circumstances in which a PCN can be appealed and where mitigating circumstances may apply such as stopping in a yellow box to allow an emergency services vehicle to go by,” continued Lyes.

“We welcome proposals that first offenders are sent a warning letter before subsequent penalties apply. This is particularly important where changes are made to urban road layouts. What we do not want is this being seen by cash-strapped local authorities as a way to generate revenue.

“In addition, we would urge local authorities to publish annual reports of moving traffic offence receipts by type and by junction.

“We would also encourage them to monitor hot spots where an unusually high proportion of PCNs are issued as this is more than likely a clear indication of a problem with signage or road layout.”

Tables

Key: NA – Not available; DNE – Does not enforce; DNR – Did not respond

Summary – all authorities in England and Wales with power to enforce moving traffic offences

All - London boroughs & Cardiff

PCNs - 16/17

PCNs 17/18

PCNs 18/19

Revenues 16/17

Revenues 17/18

Revenues 18/19

Box junctions

404,618

455,129

510,065

£25,893,253

£28,943,627

£31,410,486

No turns

290,094

384,356

419,801

£17,119,308

£21,908,787

£22,377,326

No entry

58,159

62,490

77,539

£3,725,794

£3,563,781

£4,453,518

Total

752,871

901,975

1,007,405

£46,738,355

£54,416,195

£58,241,330

Change - year-on-year

 

149,104

105,430

 

£7,677,840

£3,825,135

 

 

 

+12%

 

 

+7%

Change 16/17 to 18/19

 

 

254,534

 

 

£11,502,975

 

 

 

+34%

 

 

+25%

 

Cardiff

PCNs - 16/17

PCNs 17/18

PCNs 18/19

Revenues 16/17

Revenues 17/18

Revenues 18/19

Box junctions

4,163

8,165

23,752

£150,876

£296,030

£826,424

No turns

14,917

42,862

44,747

£442,284

£1,388,241

£1,438,732

No entry

0

4,474

5,643

£0

£160,292

£182,782

Total

19,080

55,501

74,142

£593,160

£1,844,563

£2,447,938

Change - year-on-year

 

36,421

18,641

 

£1,251,403

£603,375

 

 

 

+34%

 

 

+33%

Change 16/17 to 18/19

 

 

55,062

 

 

£1,854,778

 

 

 

+289%

 

 

+313%

 

London boroughs

PCNs - 16/17

PCNs 17/18

PCNs 18/19

Revenues 16/17

Revenues 17/18

Revenues 18/19

Box junctions

400,455

446,964

486,313

£25,742,377

£28,647,597

£30,584,062

No turns

275,177

341,494

375,054

£16,677,024

£20,520,546

£20,938,594

No entry

58,159

58,016

71,896

£3,725,794

£3,403,489

£4,270,736

Total

733,791

846,474

933,263

£46,145,195

£52,571,632

£55,793,392

Change - year-on-year

 

112,683

86,789

 

£6,426,437

£3,221,760

 

 

 

+10%

 

 

+6%

Change 16/17 to 18/19

 

 

199,472

 

 

£9,648,197

 

 

 

+27%

 

 

+21%

Box junctions PCNs ranked by 18/19

Rank

Council / Authority

PCNs - 16/17

PCNs 17/18

PCNs 18/19

1

Transport for London

108,151

122,991

135,923

2

Hammersmith and Fulham

65,367

64,316

53,576

3

Barnet

28,530

40,399

38,860

4

Waltham Forest

34,472

23,851

35,423

5

Redbridge

11,723

27,937

34,782

6

Merton

32,589

39,679

31,081

7

Cardiff

4,163

8,165

23,752

8

Brent

12,600

18,032

20,207

9

Islington

2,423

9,392

15,343

10

Wandsworth

1,440

5,517

15,321

11

Richmond

2,995

4,526

15,238

12

Barking & Dagenham

5,219

4,461

12,903

13

Enfield

16,903

10,958

11,018

14

Kingston upon Thames

17,245

15,665

9,654

15

Bexley

11,416

9,079

9,609

16

Ealing

7,126

9,229

9,565

17

Haringey

10,036

13,380

9,205

18

Camden

6,957

5,889

7,407

19

Hounslow

13,442

8,077

7,051

20

Lambeth

1,077

1,927

5,230

21

Westminster

6,946

6,416

4,595

22

Hackney

11

3,217

2,609

23

Harrow

1,835

1,220

1,161

24

Southwark

1,208

804

552

25

City of London

744

2

0

 

Sutton

0

0

0

 

Croydon

DNR

DNR

DNR

 

Newham

DNR

DNR

DNR

 

Bromley

DNE

DNE

DNE

 

Greenwich

DNE

DNE

DNE

 

Havering

DNE

DNE

DNE

 

Hillingdon

DNE

DNE

DNE

 

Kensington and Chelsea

DNE

DNE

DNE

 

Lewisham

DNE

DNE

DNE

 

Tower Hamlets

DNE

DNE

DNE

 

TOTAL

404,618

455,129

510,065

 

Change - year-on-year

 

50,511

54,936

 

Change 16/17 to 18/19

 

 

105,447

Box junctions revenue ranked by 18/19

Rank

Council / Authority

Revenues 16/17

Revenues 17/18

Revenues 18/19

Number of Box junctions

Numbers currently enforced

Numbers enforced in 18/19

1

Transport for London

£7,622,149

£8,895,998

£9,969,545

399

NA

NA

2

Hammersmith and Fulham

£4,572,143

£4,518,388

£3,575,565

23

16

16

3

Redbridge

£833,095

£1,933,623

£2,463,172

35

18

14

4

Merton

£2,366,302

£2,885,817

£2,253,219

NA

23

27

5

Waltham Forest

£2,337,874

£1,587,932

£1,880,431

27

17

17

6

Brent

£864,875

£1,238,439

£1,241,202

116

59

59

7

Richmond

£156,978

£549,265

£1,092,821

14

7

10

8

Wandsworth

£87,065

£373,946

£982,139

22

11

11

9

Islington

£150,343

£607,728

£979,817

40

37

37

10

Barking & Dagenham

£337,624

£315,083

£917,360

NA

13

13

11

Cardiff

£150,876

£296,030

£826,424

N/A

12

11

12

Kingston upon Thames

£1,119,590

£977,429

£719,618

28

8

5

13

Enfield

£1,063,083

£692,022

£688,123

43

6

6

14

Bexley

£780,377

£606,236

£649,193

11

7

7

15

Haringey

£696,022

£893,305

£606,541

45

23

23

16

Ealing

£496,960

£611,529

£568,492

NA

9

NA

17

Camden

£472,327

£416,741

£543,354

55

6

6

18

Hounslow

£973,161

£576,374

£466,654

NA

NA

26

19

Lambeth

£73,550

£125,003

£356,874

NA

4

8

20

Westminster

£483,011

£475,462

£333,295

NA

1

1

21

Hackney

£195

£229,951

£179,421

23

1

2

22

Harrow

£127,994.93

£81,641.27

£77,154.11

18

5

8

23

Southwark

£84,230

£55,554

£40,073

36

4

4

24

City of London

£43,429

£130

£0

5

0

0

 

Sutton

£0

£0

£0

5

1

0

 

Barnet

NA

NA

NA

22

17

17

 

TOTAL

£25,893,253

£28,943,627

£31,410,486

945

288

311

 

Change - year-on-year

 

£3,050,374

£2,466,859

 

 

 

 

Change 16/17 to 18/19

 

 

£5,517,233

 

 

 

‘No turn’ PCNs ranked by 18/19

Rank

Council / Authority

PCNs - 16/17

PCNs 17/18

PCNs 18/19

1

Barnet

21,558

36,745

53,297

2

Cardiff

14,917

42,862

44,747

3

Ealing

43,985

41,716

44,612

4

Hackney

0

2,194

31,327

5

Waltham Forest

23,222

25,757

29,052

6

Havering

4,486

26,080

29,012

7

Transport for London

14,117

26,539

28,978

8

Harrow

15,801

19,062

17,596

9

Brent

30,630

23,171

16,773

10

Westminster

2,264

16,546

16,391

11

Merton

18,454

21,259

15,577

12

Wandsworth

3,125

4,692

11,786

13

Tower Hamlets

1,042

6,612

9,611

14

Barking & Dagenham

7,514

9,294

9,161

15

Islington

9,272

9,634

8,930

16

Haringey

13,337

12,718

8,319

17

Southwark

10,515

9,045

7,297

18

Enfield

7,683

10,281

7,061

19

Camden

9,622

8,409

6,470

20

Hammersmith and Fulham

11,315

10,382

6,180

21

Kingston upon Thames

12,683

6,419

5,932

22

Lewisham

0

2,914

4,648

23

Lambeth

6,601

4,579

3,760

24

Redbridge

4,272

2,463

1,258

25

Hounslow

417

299

954

26

Richmond

2,995

4,526

846

27

Bexley

267

158

172

28

Hillingdon

0

0

54

 

City of London

NA

NA

NA

 

Sutton

NA

NA

NA

 

Bromley

DNE

DNE

DNE

 

Greenwich

DNE

DNE

DNE

 

Kensington and Chelsea

DNE

DNE

DNE

 

Croydon

DNR

DNR

DNR

 

Newham

DNR

DNR

DNR

 

TOTAL

290,094

384,356

419,801

 

Change - year-on-year

 

94,262

35,445

 

Change 16/17 to 18/19

 

 

129,707

‘No turn’ revenue - ranked by 18/19

Rank

Council

Revenues 16/17

Revenues 17/18

Revenues 18/19

1

Ealing

£2,683,701

£2,656,095

£2,685,346

2

Transport for London

£1,012,411

£1,903,322

£2,093,651

3

Hackney

£0

£133,420

£1,888,845

4

Havering

£459,856

£1,698,206

£1,872,821

5

Waltham Forest

£1,526,667

£1,688,329

£1,865,539

6

Cardiff

£442,284

£1,388,241

£1,438,732

7

Brent

£1,969,815

£1,756,762

£1,317,666

8

Westminster

£88,507

£1,195,813

£1,177,011

9

Merton

£1,322,351

£1,548,912

£1,132,455

10

Harrow

£1,044,236

£1,245,682

£1,096,385

11

Wandsworth

£175,279

£302,830

£718,888

12

Barking & Dagenham

£472,662

£631,866

£620,809

13

Tower Hamlets

£4,616

£395,168

£569,120

14

Haringey

£921,276

£853,553

£535,393

15

Islington

£553,306

£554,082

£495,051

16

Southwark

£706,394

£607,718

£463,048

17

Camden

£633,714

£578,576

£445,899

18

Enfield

£484,953

£656,839

£421,395

19

Kingston upon Thames

£805,522

£369,325

£399,809

20

Hammersmith and Fulham

£771,727

£710,464

£399,250

21

Lewisham

£0

£180,653

£263,818

22

Lambeth

£438,396

£315,769

£246,080

23

Redbridge

£287,682

£155,448

£81,444

24

Richmond

£214,526

£310,580

£61,407

25

Hounslow

£28,767

£19,388

£52,803

26

City of London

£53,942

£41,543

£20,215

27

Bexley

£16,719

£10,204

£11,034

28

Hillingdon

£0

£0

£3,412

 

Sutton

£0

£0

£0

 

Bromley

DNE

DNE

DNE

 

Greenwich

DNE

DNE

DNE

 

Kensington and Chelsea

DNE

DNE

DNE

 

Barnet

DNR

DNR

DNR

 

Croydon

DNR

DNR

DNR

 

Newham

DNR

DNR

DNR

 

TOTAL

£17,119,308

£21,908,787

£22,377,326

 

Change - year-on-year

 

£4,789,479

£468,538

 

Change 16/17 to 18/19

 

 

£5,258,018

No entry PCNs ranked by 18/19

Rank

Council / Authority

PCNs - 16/17

PCNs 17/18

PCNs 18/19

1

Harrow

2,209

3,223

8,286

2

Southwark

5,213

5,309

7,000

3

Islington

6,954

5,210

6,845

4

Haringey

7,379

6,049

5,825

5

Cardiff

0

4,474

5,643

6

Hackney

471

1,979

5,099

7

Lewisham

3,396

3,760

5,092

8

Enfield

3,665

5,029

4,086

9

Merton

172

39

3,673

10

Barnet

838

4,072

3,640

11

Waltham Forest

1,030

3,324

3,103

12

Hillingdon

0

0

2,974

13

Sutton

0

556

2,830

14

Camden

3,647

2,475

2,116

15

Kingston upon Thames

17,379

5,505

2,086

16

Redbridge

0

181

1,826

17

Lambeth

1,216

1,185

1,442

18

Hounslow

129

4,177

1,355

19

Tower Hamlets

116

646

1,326

20

Ealing

715

947

1,197

21

Westminster

NA

1,353

1,023

22

Barking & Dagenham

392

660

339

23

Transport for London

2,717

989

339

24

Bexley

145

191

204

25

Havering

227

949

113

26

Brent

127

201

75

27

Wandsworth

22

7

2

 

City of London

NA

NA

NA

 

Hammersmith and Fulham

NA

NA

NA

 

Bromley

DNE

DNE

DNE

 

Greenwich

DNE

DNE

DNE

 

Kensington and Chelsea

DNE

DNE

DNE

 

Richmond

DNE

DNE

DNE

 

Croydon

DNR

DNR

DNR

 

Newham

DNR

DNR

DNR

 

TOTAL

58,159

62,490

77,539

 

Change - year-on-year

 

4,331

15,049

 

Change 16/17 to 18/19

 

 

19,380

‘No entry’ revenue ranked by 18/19

Rank

Council / Authority

Revenues 16/17

Revenues 17/18

Revenues 18/19

1

Harrow

£145,187

£209,595

£549,785

2

Southwark

£346,670

£343,540

£420,760

3

Islington

£393,285

£300,862

£357,265

4

Haringey

£453,605

£365,735

£339,607

5

Hackney

£27,468

£121,885

£307,539

6

Lewisham

£203,876

£217,105

£288,870

7

Merton

£12,287

£2,738

£243,063

8

Hillingdon

£0

£0

£198,979

9

Sutton

£0

£24,127

£190,571

10

Waltham Forest

£67,943

£210,741

£189,606

11

Cardiff

£0

£160,292

£182,782

12

Enfield

£197,406

£232,101

£179,249

13

Kingston upon Thames

£890,944

£308,018

£145,360

14

City of London

£434,750

£246,878

£145,180

15

Camden

£187,193

£153,129

£142,585

16

Redbridge

£0

£12,560

£115,166

17

Hounslow

£8,933

£223,070

£89,933

18

Tower Hamlets

£649

£39,489

£89,318

19

Lambeth

£79,154

£75,269

£87,269

20

Westminster

NA

£89,178

£73,395

21

Ealing

£29,972

£44,714

£49,843

22

Transport for London

£186,964

£70,586

£23,409

23

Barking & Dagenham

£20,996

£31,541

£17,980

24

Bexley

£9,253

£13,373

£12,512

25

Havering

£21,067

£51,291

£7,073

26

Brent

£6,826

£15,574

£6,353

27

Wandsworth

£1,365

£390

£65

 

Hammersmith and Fulham

NA

NA

NA

 

Barnet

NA

NA

NA

 

Bromley

NA

NA

NA

 

Greenwich

DNE

DNE

DNE

 

Kensington and Chelsea

DNE

DNE

DNE

 

Richmond

DNE

DNE

DNE

 

Croydon

DNR

DNR

DNR

 

Newham

DNR

DNR

DNR

 

TOTAL

£3,725,794

£3,563,781

£4,453,518

 

Change - YOY

 

-£162,013

£889,737

 

Change 16/17 to 18/19

 

 

£727,724

 

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  • John Maslen - 21/08/2020 10:30

    Try reading this another way - from a risk management perspective. This is all down to dangerous and selfish driving, which is a major contributor to congestion in towns and cities. This will protect fleets from other bad drivers or encourage employees to stop costing their companies money. "Drivers committed more the one million offences which incurred fines from local authorities for bad driving in 2018/19, a 34% rise on the previous year. "Drivers are risking accidents by making illegal turns and driving down ‘no entry’ roads, or causing congestion that is clogging up city roads by illegally blocking yellow box junctions, "Their law-breaking led to fines worth £58 million being issued in a year in London and Cardiff alone. "Experts warn this figure could rocket as powers are extended to other towns and cities to combat bad driving. Fleet managers will need to improve driver training to ensure drivers obey the law to prevent them incurring fines." If you drive in urban areas, you see this happening every day because there is no real penalty for bad driving anymore and very little policing resource, which is encouraging this behaviour. If drivers obey the law, then this increase in fines will protect them from the drivers that do.

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