EuroNCAP has revealed the latest crash test ratings for new cars launched this year.
A range of autonomous safety equipment and improved airbag and pedestrian protection measures have contributed to the scores of vehicles tested in the latter half of this year.
In the large family class, the new Ford Mondeo and Volkswagen Passat models received the full five stars, along with the Subaru Outback.
SUVs receiving five stars included Porsche's Macan, the new Land Rover Discovery Sport, Kia Sorento, and Lexus NX.
New superminis from Smart (fortwo and forfour), the Mini Cooper, and the facelifted Vauxhall Corsa all received four stars, with the Corsa gaining commendation for its optional Side Blind Spot Alert system.
The Dacia Logan received three stars.